Toyota Land Cruiser – Everything You Need to Know | Up to Speed

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Special thanks to Greg Miller and everyone at the Land Cruiser Heritage Museum for making this episode possible. Check it out:
Sent from Japan to conquer terrain all over the world, the Toyota Land Cruiser is one of the greatest off-road vehicles of all time. From the Jeep BJ to the FJ40, FJ60, FJ80, 200 series and everything in between; Join James Pumphrey he gives you the low down on Toyota’s legendary Land Cruiser.
Up to Speed is a weekly automotive history show about the best cars, brands, designers, drivers and influencers ever. Host James Pumphrey covers everything from the Toyota Supra to the Chevy El Camino, The VW GTI to the Subaru WRX. The origins of every car will be uncovered to get you Up to Speed..
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[music]. from the scorching plains of sub-saharan . africa to the brutal cold of the arctic . circle this vehicle has driven . everywhere on our green earth it's a. shining beacon of utilitarian belief and . perfected practicality so low your tire . pressure lock up them diffs and put her . in low it's time to go off-road this is. everything you need to know to get up to . speed on the toyota landcruiser . and we're going on a field trip i'm at . the landcruiser heritage museum in salt . lake city utah surrounded by the most . strategic collection of land cruisers in . the world with nearly every single model . represented it is clear that the land . cruiser is one of the most diverse and . influential vehicles in the entire. history of the automobile you ever heard . of it the land cruiser is toyota's . longest-running nameplate starting . production in 1951 with the bj model it . was a military vehicle produced in japan . for american use in the korean war after . the armistice agreement in 1953 the war . was over but toyota wanted to keep . making the bj because it made him a lot . of money but they couldn't just send a . bare-bones warfighter out into the world . and expect to sell big numbers so toyota . gave the workhorse a redesign we've come . for your seats and softer suspension . this new model called the model 20 . encompass both the gasoline-powered fj . 20 and the diesel-powered bj 20 this . land cruiser was extremely important to . toyota in fact it's possible that . without it they might not be around . today that means no supra no mr2 no . hachi roku toyota had been building cars . in japan since 1936 but weren't selling . them outside of the country after the . war toyota started looking abroad but . there was a problem the biggest markets . already had their own passenger cars . however the fj was just as good if not . better than america . jeep so what they did was send the fj . and the bj to oversee markets then put . their new passenger car the crown next . to it the reliability and capability of . the land cruiser gave the crown . credibility within toyota this was . called the land cruiser strategy and . toyota implemented it all over the world . thanks to the land cruiser the toyota . lineup was seen as a credible option . okay quick timeout i'm gonna be saying a . lot of numbers and letters in this . episode and it might seem confusing but . it's not here's what they mean the first . letter is the engine f means it has a . straight-6 gasoline engine b is a . four-cylinder diesel engine and h means . your cruiser has a six-cylinder diesel j . is toyota talk for land cruiser most . people say it stands for jeep but it's. never been officially confirmed by . toyota the number after the j is the . body style 14 through 42 is short . wheelbase 43 44 and 46 or medium. wheelbase 45 and 47 s our long wheelbase . is both available in true p and truck so . when you hear someone say fj 44 that. means it's a 6-cylinder gas land cruiser . in the 40 series with a medium wheelbase . c easy 1960s saw the first refresh of . the fj line the model 40 yeah it looked . pretty similar to the model 20 but the . 40 was better in every way. toyota had refined their construction . techniques so the frame and body were . stronger the fj40 also had a low range. gear that made off-roading way easier . and the model 40 had more horsepower . you might be saying gee whiz james that . doesn't sound like a lot and you're . right but horsepower isn't that . important for offroading dum-dum it's . all about the torque the next fgi update . was in 1967 the model 55 fj it was . basically a station wagon for the . outback some versions had seating for up . to nine people that's more people than . were in my eighth grade graduating class . the model 55 is probably the funkiest . looking of all of the land. earning the nickname iron pig because . some people thought it looked like a pig . that was made out of metal the model 55 . marked the transition in thinking around . utility vehicles yes they can be used to . do work in remote places but they can . also carry people just like the pickup . truck people were starting to see that . the landcruiser wasn't just meant for . work it was also meant for life the . paradigm shift was complete when toyota . dropped the landcruiser model 60 in 1980 . it was still the unstoppable off-roader . people came to know and love but now . there was a luxury model the gx had a . moonroof power mirrors and more . comfortable interior toyota knew that . customers were shopping the land cruiser . against the land rover and then it . needed to be better if they were gonna . compete the most critical component was . the land cruiser solid front axle well . that's a solid front axle on heavy duty . vehicles the wheels are connected with a . solid beam this is stronger than. independent suspension and perfect for. hauling stuff around the simple nature . of solid axles made them more reliable . which is exactly what you want when . you're out in the bush there are less . components to brake so if something goes . wrong it's easier to fix plus a solid . axle lets get sweet flex bro however . solid axles aren't great for handling . and aren't as comfortable on the road to . solve this toyota put softer springs in . the land cruiser which allowed them even . more flesh which made them even better . offroad . good job toyota the land cruiser . continued to modernize with the model 70 . released in 1984 small adjustments were . made to make the now legendary . off-roader. even better the body panels were . thickened by a millimeter to make them . more durable and the styling was updated . for a more domesticated look if the . model 60 in 1980 marked the land . cruisers transition from utilitarian . focus to comfort 1989's model 80 was a . full commitment to luxury toyota knew . that most people weren't going to take . the latest cruiser off-road that for . most people in the us the land cruiser . was a family . but the landcruiser didn't mind because . it was still a bad eh explorer it didn't . matter if the model ad eventually got to . safer features like anti-lock brakes and. airbags because in 1996 the land cruiser . earned the ultimate in off-road . credibility the dakar rally is one of . the most demanding races on earth . spanning from granada spain to dakar . senegal navigating city streets sand . dunes and some of the most treacherous. terrain on earth. toyota entered to model a deal and . cruisers in the unmodified diesel class . that means they didn't modify them and . guess what they won toyota would return. in 2001 and win ugly and if that wasn't . enough they won in 2005 oh that's still . not enough they came back in 2014 and . won it goes without saying but you can't . stop a land cruiser in 1998 however the . 80 series was replaced by the land . cruiser 100 by now everyone knew that . land cruiser was the best we all knew . this it rode like a cloud over roads . that were impassable to lesser vehicles. it could maneuver itself over the most . unforgiving terrain and it would not die . hashtag invincible it is so reliable as . a durable 4x4 that the united nations . passed a resolution to use it as their. field vehicle of choice toyota made the . best even better they developed a new . 32-valve v8 that made more horsepower. got better mileage and reduced emissions . and while in some markets they released . a 105 series that carried over most of . its guts from the 80 series including . solid front and rear axles the . series that we got had quite a few . game-changing bells and whistles the . front suspension was a double wishbone . type independent suspension and the. steering was now rack and pinion this . land cruiser was designed to feel more . like a passenger car then it's heavy . duty rough-and-tumble . predecessors to further improve riding . comfort and steering stability it had . hydraulic vehicle. height adjustment and toyota electronic . modulated suspension or skyhook timms . which made it perform better if for some . reason you were driving on paved roads . in 99 ain't got traction control and in . 2002 the land cruiser featured new . technology that enabled drivers to see . in the dark just like a cat night view . uses headlight projectors to emit . near-infrared light then a camera. captures that reflected radiation a . computer processes it and it projects a . black and white image on the windshield . i'm serious they made this this is bruce . wayne stuff though the landcruiser 100 . continues to evolve on the path of . luxury passenger car there are still . users overseas who must drive it. off-road to meet the needs of australia . africa and other rugged environments . toyota is still cranking out the land . cruiser 105 series no matter how much it . takes on the aura of luxury the land . cruiser is never far from its roots as . an off-road vehicle the latest version . is no different the 200 series is one of . the most capable off-roaders let alone . luxury off-roaders that you can buy . today it is a beautiful monster . introduced in 2007 to 200 series . pioneered features like downhill assist . control off-road anti-lock brakes and . crawl all caps which is basically cruise . control for the trail using weird . computer science it basically drives . itself despite the openly luxurious . appearance the 200 series is still one . of the best overland vehicles in the . friggin world from its start the land . cruiser dominated the harsh landscapes . of untouched country but the landscape . has changed today the land cruiser . dominates the automotive landscape. looking down from its lofty luxury perch . as king of the mountain and those harsh . unexplored environments well it still. dominates there too hail to the king . baby thanks for watching up the speed . what's your favourite offroad story . share it in the comments below i want to . say a huge thank you to greg miller and . everyone at the. and cruiser heritage museum for having . us out and letting us look around this . place is amazing and if you're in the . salt lake area you should definitely . check it out if you're lucky then he'll . be here and you can learn a ton just . like i did come here take picture tag me . and donut in it and i'll send you . something weird don't forget to like . comment subscribe and share the . .
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