Animal Adventures with Jordan: Alligators

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Hi guys everybody welcome back to animal . adventures with jordan our tuesday. thursday sessions at noon now this week. we're going to feature our american . alligators on property and we have three . in total every one of them being a . rescue either from frat houses or bad. situations are kept illegally as pets . here in new york state now this first . guy in my hands his name is cj he's one . of our original rescues and he was . actually found at a local park . cfj park in johnson city and now he has . been residing with us for a couple years . so first things first about alligators . are a member of the crocodilian family . now of course there are four members of . the crocodilian family we have . alligators what else query crocodiles . give me one more the gharial which is . the very hard one that's the crocodilian. with a long slow snout designed for. catching fish and there's one more it's . got the attitude of a crocodile but the . body size of a smaller alligator that. came in good job so our crocodilians are . crocodiles alligators came in and the. gharial now in united states we have two . different crocodilians we have the . american alligator and the american . crocodile many people don't know that . the american crocodile inhabits more of . your southern and in hotter tropical. areas where your american alligator can . actually be found throughout texas along . the gulf of course throughout florida . all the way up to carolinas and of . course georgia we have some georgia. people here today don't we . alright very good back home now right so . excellent so neat thing about american . alligators and quite often we try to. feature the the conservation efforts. needed to save some of the animals we . have the american alligator is a success . story of what caps of management . programs can do for animals back and i. believe it was 1973 maybe the endangered . species act put the american alligator . on their list they were just about wiped . out in the united states we were over . hunting them and why do we hunt them . obviously for these beautiful leather . hides so what happened is we had poached . that we had hunted them to dangerous . critical level populations so what . happened is actually turned to alig . farmers to assist with this and through . captive management programs with those. farmers what they had to do is produce x . amount of eggs per year and a percentage . of every clutc which is what you call a . proof of egg was actually returned to. the wild and i believe that practice . might still happen today but that's how . we bump those numbers back so i believe . it was 1987 they were removed from the . endangered species act and now there is . no concern or at least concern for the . american alligator so when people say . what good to zoos do what could the . maquette the management programs to the . american alligator is a perfect example . of what we do right now moving on let's . talk about their size and the names we . call them and so forth a male alligator . can have reached somewhere up around 16 . feet in length that's long that's from . that pole you're standing on there all . the way to this pole over here that's . about 16 feet and they can it get up to . about a thousand of 1300 pounds they are . big animals now what do you call a male . alligator it is called a a bull very . good so it's called a bull alligator. now our females are a little bit smaller . they're going to edwards about nine to . ten feet but they can also obtain those . very high weights without any issue now . a baby alligator of course they come out . of eggs little hatchlings now alligators . many of you probably don't know our . phenomenal mothers they're one of the . best mothers out there and especially in . the reptile world i just get it ran over . by tortoises you catch that down there . okay it's not your segment yet guys . eventually alright so coming back up now . what happens is that male female . alligators will make mom will find a. comfortable spot and she uses her legs . her feet to dig a net now they have . claws but the claws are very soft . they're not sharp like a uh a canine or . a feline for defense they're very soft . and they're made for pushing them along . the muddy bottoms of waterways and also. digging these nests in the sand in the . dirt now what happens is mom deposits . that big kwacha bay she then buries them . back up with the earth and lease matter . and other stuff on the ground and what . happens. that nests incubates those days now we . have a very hot nest temperatures are . ranging above 90 degrees quite often . you'll get all male if the temperatures . are too low you'll get all nails but if . you say nice and comfortable levels 83 . 85 88 in there they're gonna see a nice . mix of males and females that's true for . many of the egg-laying reptiles of the . world so now what happened is mom guards . that net she protects it with her life . what might come after a nest of a that's . going to be wild pigs raccoons even . birds those forage through there try to . get those eggs and make a quick meal out . of them . mom protects that nest by charging out . of the water and attacking just about . anything that comes in her way now after . that period of time of incubation those . eggs hatch but they're underground how . does mom know the babies call out now . i'm going to get close and try to do . this for you yeah yeah yeah it's just . odd chirping noise as you can hear that . and she goes back up to her nest and . very carefully . she digs out all those babies she laid . next to that nest opens up her mouth . just like this and those babies jump in . her mouth she then carried them down to . the waterways and releases them now mind . you she's still her mother at that point . in time but honestly at that point they . are susceptible to predation from many . other animals including other alligators . so mom gives them a good start and then . they're on their own now let's talk . about their bodies a little bit first . things first you can see those sharp. tiny teeth in there and i believe. there's been around 80 or 90 sharp tiny . little crease now the neat thing about . these guys is they're much like sharks . they never run out of teeth when they . lose a tooth they always grow a new one . now moving on we can check out their . eyes now their eyelids can actually . recess in line and below the skull line . and their protects them when they engage . a prey animal and pray for these guys . are just about anything in the wetlands . or the waterways of florida and . throughout the ranges there they could . recess those eyeballs down to protect . them and they shut them and they have no . damage to that area . now another neat thing about their eyes . actually we're alligator goggles all . right now they have eyelids just like us . that go up and down but they also the . second eyelid that goes sideways and . it's transparent when they're underwater . that transparent eyelids shut and that's . what they used to see without issue now . keep your camera steady keep your . fingers back i'm going to try to show . you that eyelid here open up cj there it . is he's going to open it shortly there . it is a nice slow open for you . so when i come around a little bit i'll . try to show everybody that as well now . moving on from there i see this jaw this . power is intense . now alligators and crocodiles they have . all the power in the world when they . need to chomp down on their animal prey . but they have no power when they open . their mouths they don't they laugh that . muscle so when you see people wrestle . alligators and crocodiles they use their . hands to hold those mouths shut . because literally two fingers can keep. their mouths shut without any resistance . alright it's very weak in that sense but . the chopping ability it's where they. have that strength moving down we can . talk about this body it's extremely . armored who here like dinosaurs all . right you guys are just like dinosaurs . their skin it's rough and tough on top . and that protects them from the sun and . other animals but their bellies our baby . soft and smooth all right . he saw baby bellies allow them to slide . down muddy river banks what we call . alligator slide so give them a quick . egress or i should be degress back into . the water. now other neat things about them are . these tiny little legs now yes they can . lift their bodies off the ground but . eventually they wear you - wait where's . very hard just to stay in there so they . do more of a little wiggle worm approach . on the earth good obviously they're more . at home in the water now the power is . also in their tail now this tail here is . full of bone and muscle now what that . does is it allows them to swim to the . water at great speeds but it also allows . these animals to jump up onto the water . to grab a prey animal and go back . now if i were confronting an alligator . or crocodile on lands now mind you a . crocodile will eat crocodile see you as . prey alligators relatively harmless they . take down much smaller prey animals than. us that's why you rarely hear about . attacks on humans unless it is breeding . season and so forth or they have a nest . that they're protecting so now what . happens if you're behind an alligator . and they feel threatened they can use . this tail as a whip what they can do is . actually swing that tail and fracture . your leg they can break the leg with one . foul swoop which then knocks you down . and guess what you're now on their level . all right so it evens the odds out a . little bit now what we're going to do . here is we're going to bring out a . smaller alligator for you to meet . because they are quite cute when they . are hatchlings now this next one we're . going to bring out this one was . surrendered to us about two months ago . about two months ago from the new york . state dc one of those other rescue . situations were involved with so . everybody say hi to pj and he likes to . wave the bye goodbye goodbye you know . something now don't you worry . even alligator babies are cute right so . here is a baby a little bit bigger than . a hatchling now anything also is their . color change when their hatchlings like . this and a lot of yellow and green in . the body now as they get older and . mature that softens and they become . almost black or brown in appearance very . good now if we can open up that mouth . for you there are tiny little razor . teeth in there. we won't there we go tiny little razor . teeth right now you're also looking at a . big flat tongue now that big flat tongue . serves the big purpose also when they . are consuming these prairie animals in . the water you wonder how in the heck are . they not drowning themselves all this . water running down their throat and so . forth there's actually a flap attaches . the back of the throat that can feel . shut and then as they bring that prey . animal up out of the water and they. consume it that flap opens here's the. water out keeps the prey animal going . down so they are highly adapted and . evolved to live in their environment now . one more thing about that environment . and why it's so important that we . protected the american alligator and . brought them back as they play a very . important role in the ecosystem they are . an apex predator what does that mean. anybody know apex predator means really . nothing takes them out there at the top . of that food chain these guys keep a lot . of other prey animals in balance but . also they create what we call alligator. wah-wah lows or pools which other . organisms in that ecosystem also use for . housing and so forth so they play a very. important role in the natural . environments that they do inhabit all . right so that's a lot information am i . forgetting much one more neat thing . vocalization these guys do make sounds . when males are trying to call to their . females to court then during the . breeding season what they'll do is they . bellow and it's a very deep bassy bellow . we can barely pick it up on our ears and . what you'll actually see is the . vibrations on their back you'll see the . water dancing off their back that's how . you know that they're calling and of . course they will do it above water . audibly as well and it's almost like a . deep. bellowing i don't think about very . interested male alligator that's what it . sounds like but it's a deep bellowing . sound which can be very intimidating if . you're not knowing what exactly it is so . i think on that note we're going to wrap . things up again . american alligators from animal . adventure park tune in again on tuesday . around noon for our next animal . adventures thank you guys . .
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